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Andrei Tretyakov, inscriptor, creounity

and Creative Force
2009.

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Colour-illustrated identification guide for a set of the Juchi dirhams

Ulus of Jochi, or the Golden Horde, was the khanat (state) based in 1224 AD. Ulus of Jochi is named so after Jochi, son of Genghis Khan.

Keep in mind that Golden Horde coins are dated according to the Lunar Hejira calendar.

Tokhtogha ▪ Uzbeg ▪ Jani Beg ▪ Berdibek ▪ Qulpa ▪ Hizr 


ID


Obverse side


Reverse side


Mint (city)


Year of minting


Tokhtogha (Toqta, or Ghiyath ud-Din Tokhtogu Khan): 689711 AH / 12901311 AD
Toqta was the son of Mengu-Timur; Mengu-Timur was the grandson of Batu Khan;
Batu Khan was the son of Jochi, and consequently the grandson of Genghis Khan.

TTG-001
Saray Al Mahrous
(also known as Old Saray and Saray-Batu)
710 AH
(1310→1311 AD)

Uzbeg (Sultan Ghiyath ud-Din Mohammed Öz-Beg Khan): 711742 AH / 13111342 AD
Uzbeg was the Grandson of Mengu-Timur.
During Uzbeg's reign the Golden Horde had become a Muslim country; most of the Mongolian traditions had slipped away.

UZB-001
Saray
715 AH
(1315→1316 AD)
UZB-002
Saray
727 AH (1327 AD)
UZB-003
Bulgar Protected
732 AH (1332 AD)
UZB-004
Saray
739/740 AH
(1338→39/1339→40 AD)
UZB-005
Saray
734 AH
(1333→1334 AD)

Jani Beg (Jalal ud-Din Mahmood Jani Beg Khan): 742757 AH / 13421357 AD
Jani Beg was the son of Uzbeg Khan.

JNB-001
Saray al-Jadid
(New Saray)
743 AH
(1342→1343 AD)
JNB-002
New Saray
746 AH
(1345→1346 AD)
JNB-003
New Saray
747 AH
(1346→1347 AD)
JNB-004
New Saray
748 AH
(1347→1348 AD)
JNB-005
New Saray
747 AH
(1346→1347 AD)
JNB-006
Gulistan
756 AH (1355 AD)
JNB-007
New Saray
745 AH
(1344→1345 AD)

Berdibek: 757760 AH / 13571359 AD
Berdibek was the son of Jani Beg.
The assassination of Berdibek by his brother in 1359 AD resulted in the so-called great troubles epoch (in Russian )
in the history of the Golden Horde. This murder initiated the decline of the Ulus of Jochi.

BDB-001
Azaq
759 AH (1358 AD)
BDB-002
Gulistan
759 AH (1358 AD)

Qulpa (or Qulna): 760761 AH / 13591360 AD
Qulna was the son of Jani Beg.

QLN-001
Gulistan
760 AH (1359 AD)
QLN-002
New Saray
760 AH (1359 AD)

Hizr (Mahmood Hizr Khan): 761762 AH / 13601361 AD
Hizr Khan was not a direct descendant of the Jochi dynasty.

HZR-001
Gulistan
761 AH (1360 AD)
HZR-002
New Saray
761 AH (1360 AD)


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